Sign In / Up

Add contribution as a guest

Your email will not be displayed publicly
Benefit of signing in/signing up to personalize comment

Comment as a guest

Your email will not be displayed publicly
Benefit of signing in/signing up to personalize comment

Login

Not a member Register   Forgot Password
or connect using
 

Email

 

Rudaw

Analysis

Year after envoy's murder, Russia-Turkey ties flourish

By AFP 19/12/2017
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R) and Russian President Vladimir Putin give a joint press conference at the Presidential Complex in Ankara on December 11, 2017. File photo:AFP /Sputnik / Alexei Druzhinin
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R) and Russian President Vladimir Putin give a joint press conference at the Presidential Complex in Ankara on December 11, 2017. File photo:AFP /Sputnik / Alexei Druzhinin

by Stuart Williams

 

ANKARA, Turkey – One year after the murder of Russia's ambassador to Turkey in Ankara, Russian-Turkish ties are at their strongest point for several years although numerous areas of tension remain.


The evening of December 19, 2016 ambassador Andrei Karlov, a veteran of Soviet and Russian diplomacy, was shot dead by an off-duty Turkish policeman while inaugurating a photo exhibition in Ankara.

There were fears the killing would again derail relations that had only been put back on track that summer with a reconciliation deal after the November 2015 shooting down by Turkey of a Russian war plane over the Syrian border.

Moscow conspicuously did not echo Ankara's assertions the murder was a plot carried out by the group of US-based preacher Fethullah Gulen who stands accused of staging the 2016 failed coup. 

But both President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin were adamant ties would not suffer.

And the last year has seen intense diplomacy between the two sides over Syria. Erdogan and Putin, who in late 2015 were violently denouncing each other, have met no less than eight times in 2017.

- 'In better shape' -
The latest encounter was on December 11 when the Russian president flew into Ankara having met Syrian President Bashar al-Assad -- Turkey's foe throughout the nearly seven year Syrian conflict -- earlier that day.

Along with Tehran, Moscow and Ankara see themselves as a troika of guarantors setting out Syria's future, with Europe and the United States conspicuously absent.

Russian tourism to Turkey has picked up, Russia has resumed work on Turkey's first nuclear power plant and work on an undersea gas pipeline is proceeding apace.

Meanwhile, Ankara is nearing the purchase of two S-400 air defence systems from Moscow for a reported $2.5 billion in a move that has troubled its NATO allies.

But while cooperation appears to be thriving, there may be limits to the alliance between two post-imperial countries whose governments have fought for hegemony in the Black Sea region for centuries.

"The Russia-Turkish partnership is certainly in a better shape than a year ago, let alone than two years ago," Igor Delanoe, deputy head of the French-Russian analytical centre Observo, told AFP.

"Nevertheless, it cannot be said that Moscow and Ankara are on the same page on what happens next," he added.

- 'Deep divergences' -
Delanoe said there are still "deep divergences" over the role of Syrian Kurdish militia who control much of Syria's north in a congress Russia plans to hold next year to determine key issues including elections and a new constitution.

Ankara regards the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) as a terror group, but it has cordial relations with Moscow and have cooperated on the ground in Syria.

And while the S-400 deal is a symbolic message to NATO, it has been shadowed by tough negotiations over technology transfer and financing. 

Putin and Erdogan were set to sign an agreement at their Ankara talks but the deal was not ready. A table that had been set up for the signing was hurriedly moved away.

"The S-400 agreement is not a done deal," said Delanoe, adding he was highly doubtful Moscow would accept Turkish demands to have a production plant on its soil.

Kerim Has, of Moscow State University, said the relationship as a whole was being "orchestrated by Moscow" and was not an equal partnership.

He said Turkey was dependent on Russian energy as well as influence after being "out of the game" in Syria until their cooperation began.

"Turkish-Russian relations are on slippery and fragile ground," he said, describing the S-400 contract as "a long and thorny road".

- 'Investigation continues' -
Karlov was murdered by off-duty riot policeman Mevlut Mert Altintas, 22, who was himself killed shortly afterwards by Turkish police. Some commentators expressed regret he was not captured alive to give full explanations.

Erdogan said two days after the killing that there was "no need to make a secret" out of Altintas's links to the organisation of Gulen. The Pennsylvania-based Gulen denies any role in the coup or the assassination.

Turkey has arrested five suspects in connection with the plot, alleging they have links to Gulen's group. 

The latest suspect, former police officer Ramazan Yucel, was arrested last week. Also arrested is Hayreddin Aydinbas, who headed a media company that produced a programme for Turkish state television’s channel for the Caucasus, TRT Avaz.

However no Russian official has ever publicly endorsed the version that the crime was plotted by Gulen's organisation.

"Turkish security services are continuing the probe in cooperation with Russian investigators," Russia's foreign ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said earlier this month.

Karlov, who in a long career had notably served as Russian ambassador to Pyongyang, was posthumously decorated with the country’s top award Hero of Russia

Comments

 
Post a New Comment
Comment as a guest or Login for more enhanced interactive experience

Be Part of Your Rudaw!

Share your stories, photos and videos with Rudaw, and quite possibly the world.

What You Say

Muraz Adzhoev | 1/17/2018 1:05:15 PM
And where are the special divisions of Kurdistan Peshmerga RRF and Kurdistan Police forces? What are Kurdistan’s Peshmerga ministry and Interor...
Iraqi Federal Police to handle Kirkuk, Tuz Khurmatu’s security
| yesterday at 02:54 | (1)
Richard | 1/16/2018 8:53:36 AM
The airports have always been under ICAA jurisdiction so I don't see why they needed 4 months of a ban and 2 meetings to come to that agreement!!
Kurdish | 1/17/2018 11:27:39 AM
Just let people live free and dont care about their privte lives, airport iss very importanr for people who live in kurdistan.
Baghdad, Erbil agree to lift flight ban, pending PM Abadi's approval
| 15/1/2018 | (9)
Nam | 1/17/2018 1:24:17 AM
He makes the same hand sign as Erdogan of Turkey, symbol of terrorist Islamic brotherhood (Ikhwan al Muslimeen).
hal | 1/17/2018 11:23:46 AM
I'm embarrassed to know guys like these are also Kurds like me
Mullah Krekar's trial in Italy postponed again
| 16/1/2018 | (2)
Barham | 1/17/2018 6:15:27 AM
He called PM Abadi too. so what??
Down with USA | 1/17/2018 10:04:01 AM
Tillerson have the most disgusting face in policy
PM Barzani thanks US Secretary Tillerson for supporting the KRG
| 16/1/2018 | (5)

Elsewhere on Rudaw

Iraq’s closure of schools for IDPs sparks fear of forced returns 19 hours ago |

Iraq’s closure of schools for IDPs sparks fear of forced returns

There are nearly 400 schools for Arab students more
Kurdish singer spreads love for local melodies across Turkey 22 hours ago |

Kurdish singer spreads love for local melodies across Turkey

composes in Kurdish, Turkish, Armenian, Arabic, more
Syria: War will continue until US is kicked out, their allies removed 23 hours ago |

Syria: War will continue until US is kicked out, their allies removed

“The war will continue ... until cleaning the more
0.14 seconds