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Rudaw

Kurdish genocide: Never again
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The Kurdish people in Iraq suffered a series of genocides over the past century because they lacked a sovereign state that can ensure its people are protected under international law. So argued Kurdistan’s top security official Masrour Barzani when he advocated for Kurdish statehood in Washington this summer.

Thousands of Kurds in Halabja were killed in 1988 in the largest chemical attack ever carried out against a civilian population. The infamous Anfal campaign killed 182,000 Kurds. Just three years after Anfal, Iraq invaded Kuwait and the US mobilized a global effort to push back Saddam Hussein.

Masrour Barzani argued that if Kurdistan was a sovereign state, like Kuwait, the suffering of Kurds would have stirred more global action, instead of being treated as an internal Iraqi matter.

Just days before the September 25 vote, President Masoud Barzani said more women and children cannot be let to die in another genocide. He said an independent Kurdistan can achieve that. He argued that while they had hoped the new Iraq after Saddam Hussein would take a different path, they soon realized that in Baghdad “only faces have changed. Otherwise the culture of intolerance is the same.”

The following is a series of featured reports that document the stories of people who have suffered in the Kurdish genocide.


Kurdistan marks 29 years since Anfal genocide, as it wins 'strong friends and allies'

DEBANA, Kurdistan Region — Kurdish people marked the 29th anniversary of the genocidal Anfal Campaign on Friday morning in the Debana village of the Garmiyan region where many of the victims were marched to their deaths or forcibly disappeared. more

Surviving two genocides: Families escaped Halabja attack only to face Anfal

HALABJA, Kurdistan Region – A year before the infamous chemical attack on Halabja, the Iraqi regime had violently ended a protest described by locals as an uprising. more

Anfal in Duhok: The Kurdish man who never met his father

As many as 182,000 Kurds were killed and 4,000 villages destroyed in the genocidal Anfal campaign carried out in 1988 under former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. more

Lack of sovereignty leaves Kurds at mercy of genocide, argues security chief

WASHINGTON DC – The suffering of Kurds has been ignored by the world because Kurdistan is not a sovereign state, the Chancellor of the Kurdistan Region Security Council Masrour Barzani said, arguing that now is the time to rectify this. more

Fayli Kurds want Saddam’s massacres recognized by world

COPENHAGEN, Denmark – Fayli Kurdish communities around the world have been commemorating the Iraqi regime's April 1980 attacks and deportations against them, calling on the world to recognize the atrocities. more

Halabja’s missing children: Time heals few wounds

On a summer evening in 2015 a big crowd of Halabjans gathered in the city’s Peace Monument to witness history in the making. Several families were there, along with hundreds of relatives, each hoping a young girl who cannot even speak their language is their missing loved one. more

Tale of Two Cities: Halabja and New Halabja

HALABJA, Kurdistan Region – A foreigner would be forgiven for thinking there is only one city called Halabja in the Kurdistan Region, but the truth is more complex. more

A Memorial Tree in Sweden Honors Halabja Victims

When Sirwan Dabagh spoke to his Swedish friends about the Kurds, he realized with great surprise how little their society knew about Kurdish suffering, including the horrendous Halabja tragedy. more

       
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