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Rudaw

Kurdistan

KRG Election 10 Questions: Towards Reform

By Rudaw 12/9/2018
‘Towards Reform’ is an election alliance between the Kurdistan Islamic Movement (IMK) and Kurdistan Islamic Union (KIU).
‘Towards Reform’ is an election alliance between the Kurdistan Islamic Movement (IMK) and Kurdistan Islamic Union (KIU).
The Towards Reform list is working to highlight major issues for society and organize according to law in the next Kurdistan Region parliament.

"In the beginning of any round of the parliament, a set of societal issues have to be highlighted and later organized according to law in order to serve people," Hiwa Hamid said, who serves as an advisor currently in parliament.

‘Towards Reform’ is an election alliance between the Kurdistan Islamic Movement (IMK) and Kurdistan Islamic Union (KIU).

"A good law is equal to a good life," is one of the slogans that Hamid carries, as a law-making expert.

He highlighted singled out key issues that he believes the Kurdistan parliament is suffering from.

"Before talking about the issue of not implementing laws in Kurdistan, we suffer the issue of poorly-written laws. For example, there are laws amended three times a year."

A reactive legislature is key in an effective democracy.

"Currently, there are blocs in the Kurdistan parliament, who do not have law experts to send to the law committee in the parliament,” explained Hamid.

As part of reform plans when Erbil was not receiving revenue from Baghdad and in a conflict with ISIS in 2016, the KRG implemented a “salary-saving system,” where the government withheld salaries they said would be repaid in the future.

"The first bill that I am thinking of is to end the salary-saving system as it was one of the main burdens on the people of Kurdistan over the past two years," he said.


Hiwa Hamid appears on Rudaw's 10 Questions program to talk about Towards Reform's campaign. Photo: Rudaw TV

More topical experts are needed in the legislature, argues Hamid.

"There are members of the financial committee in the parliament who are not even economists."

"If you do not send someone who has expertise in lawmaking and economics and politics, you dwindle and devalue the parliament yourself," he said, appealing for voters to choose candidates based on their technical qualifications.

The issues

In addition to the salary-saving system, Hamid pondered what will "happen to all the money the KRG has saved for the employees."

He sees parliament as a catalyst to get civil society more involved.

"What I want to do in the next Kurdistan parliament is to encourage all the blocs to, in coordination with non-governmental and civil organizations, focus on and measure social issues,’ he said.

Prediction

Given social changes, political atmospheres, the number of votes and seats of all the parties will decrease including the KIU.

The party won 10 seats in the 2013 election. Its ally the IMK won one seat.

"I hope the number of KIU seats does not decrease even by more than one seat," he said with laughter.


Hiwa Hamid appears on Rudaw's 10 Questions program to talk about Towards Reform's campaign. Photo: Rudaw TV

Quizzed by Rudaw's Ranj Sangawi about on the call of how many MPs the term of both seasons of the parliament could be extended and on what grounds.

“A fifth of MPs, 25 MPs, must agree to extend the term of a parliament,” he said.

The only thing that he did not like about the work of previous MPs was "they shifted their parliamentary struggle to debates on TV screens and media. It was a big mistake they made. MPs must fight for the people at the parliament halls not on the TVs."

Potential voters

The power of the parliament has been called into question, with a lack of checks on the ministries, armed forces, and the judiciary.

"If we want to restore weight to the parliament, it must become a race field between the blocs to provide the best quality service to the people of the Kurdistan Region, and become a place to highlight the issues which the government is unable to indicate,” Rabi' Hazal, a KIU supporter said.

The parliament does not have to evade from its main task which is to "oversee the executive branch and make laws,” pointed out a KDP supporter.

He warned political rivalries inside the parliament will harm the interests of people and be literally on their expense.

"Do your best to serve your nation and the parliament is the right platform where you could really do it," he said.

Rebaz Faruq, a Gorran supporter, said before the Change Movement was founded, the parliament was "very weak" in lawmaking, monitoring, and its authority was "literally dead."

 

The Kurdistan Region will hold an election on September 30. Official campaigning runs through September 28.



More: Election process explained...


Comments

 
Muraz Adzhoev | 12/9/2018
I wonder who is Hiawa Hamid himself by education and specialty, a lawyer in the field of "state, society and law", a political scientist or a sociologist?
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