Sign In / Up

Add contribution as a guest

Your email will not be displayed publicly
Benefit of signing in/signing up to personalize comment

Comment as a guest

Your email will not be displayed publicly
Benefit of signing in/signing up to personalize comment

Login

Not a member Register   Forgot Password
or connect using
 

Email

 

Rudaw

Turkey

Turkey: Brand new system – same old president

By Karwan Faidhi Dri 7/7/2018
-
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan faced a test on June 24 when 50 million Turkish citizens passed judgment on his 16-year rule at the ballot box. He must have breathed a great sigh of relief when the sun set over Turkey that evening and unofficial results put him and his AK Party well ahead for the presidency and parliament.

What happened on June 24?

Turkish citizens went to polls to choose Turkey’s next president. It was largely a two horse race between Erdogan and Republican People’s Party (CHP) candidate Muharrem Ince – described by Western media outlets as the only man capable of ending Erdogan’s one man rule.

These expectations were proved wrong, however, when Erdogan secured 52.38 percent of the vote, and his Justice and Development Party (AKP) alliance with the far-right Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) bagged almost 54 percent, sending 344 MPs to parliament.

Ince only won 30 percent of the vote while his party gained 22.65 percent, sending 146 MPs to the parliament.

The pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) survived – passing the ten percent electoral threshold, increasing its share of seats from 59 to 67. Its jailed presidential candidate Selahattin Demirtas gained more than eight percent of the vote.

The opposition, particularly the CHP, rejected the unofficial results when they were first declared by the state-owned Anadolu Agency – claiming its own figures showed the presidential election would enter a run-off. The next day, however, Ince accepted the results and congratulated Erdogan.

A critical week

The victorious AKP held a meeting on Saturday to nominate candidates for Turkey’s new cabinet. It nominated the outgoing prime minister, Binali Yildirim, as speaker of the Turkish parliament and also chose two other AKP members to be the head and deputy head of the AKP’s bloc in parliament.

Turkey’s new parliament convened on Saturday when 600 new MPs were sworn in. Erdogan himself will be sworn in on Monday when Turkey’s new system takes effect and the state of emergency will be lifted.

The first session of parliament is usually chaired by the oldest sitting MP until the speaker is elected. Saturday’s session was chaired by Durmus Yilmaz from the IYI (Good) Party. He is the second oldest MP after CHP’s Deniz Baykal, who could not step into the role due to ill health.

So what’s new?

Erdogan has now assumed the powers of the annulled prime minister under Turkey’s constitutional reforms. He now has the power to declare a six-month state of emergency without parliamentary approval and may extend it for an extra four months. The parliament maintains this authority too.

Parliament still plays a role in lawmaking, especially those laws related to the basic rights of citizens. But laws relating to the economy, especially the budget and other critical issues, will be drafted by the president.

Challenges

The new government faces an economic crisis. The value of the lira against the US dollar is at its lowest in decades and inflation is at over 15 percent – its highest since 2004. Erdogan has promised to overcome these issues and has also threatened to expel any investors found responsible for the devaluation.

Turkey has not been able to address the Kurdish question. Successive cabinets have denied there is even a Kurdish issue.

The Turkish state has clashed with the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) – an armed group that struggles for Kurdish rights in southeast of the country – for over 40 years. The war has claimed the lives of more than 40,000 people – including civilians. The situation is likely to deteriorate further now that the AKP is in alliance with the nationalist MHP – which is fiercely opposed to diversifying Turkish culture to incorporate Kurdish language and education.

Erdogan admitted during his victory speech he was not satisfied with the 295 seats his party gained because it will have to depend on MHP to pass laws and implement the new system.

Furthermore, his government needs 400 seats to pass critical laws, which means Erdogan will have to improve relations with opposition parties to implement his program.

The IYI (Good) Party and the CHP are unlikely to warm to the AKP’s overturns following a savage election campaign. As for the HDP, many of its former leaders, MPs and officials were jailed by Erdogan and the AKP, so the likelihood of any parliamentary alliance is pretty slim.

Comments

 
pre-Boomer Marine brat | 8/7/2018
Erdogan's rise is FAR more than "just politics" ... https://ahvalnews.com/elections-2018/its-sociology-stupid-anatolia-upstages-western-turkey
Tron | 11/7/2018
I saw him swearing all that stuff but from what I understood he thought he would break even more tabus and commit more crimes against the opposition. But he also thought the the chp is his puppet an die will give him decisive backup while barking the opposite. In the end they might try to fool the Kurds because they need some sort of a rest from economic turmoil and than keep on butchering them after they fixed a little and have built their own German tank fabrication and fooled the Russians and Japanese to built nukes for them. Then they could finally finish off the Kurds completely and defend themselves with nukes against westerners incompetence. And when they get their hands on kurdish oil they would use Russian Moronism and us corrupt senate to backup an assault on eurotrash that produces 2 million barrels a day while buying 20 million and turkey would overrun them it would be a piece of cake.
Post a New Comment
Comment as a guest or Login for more enhanced interactive experience

Be Part of Your Rudaw!

Share your stories, photos and videos with Rudaw, and quite possibly the world.

What You Say

Zagros | 7/20/2018 5:27:06 AM
Pete, if you had traveled the world as you claim then you'd have known that Rojava is not the most egalitarian system in the world. You'd have known...
Outsider | 7/21/2018 4:36:24 AM
The PKK/KCK/PYD/YPG reminds me on the political system in the "good old" Communist countries... yes you have a choice.. hence claiming demo...
Assad or Turkey? Uncertainty surrounds future of Qamishli
| 17/7/2018 | (13)
Shaxawan | 7/18/2018 7:35:12 AM
All what US gave us is some scraps whike they support Irani militias and Sunna Arabs with the most developed weapons. Shame on you US, still seeks...
Robert Patrick Shuttlesworth | 7/21/2018 3:33:58 AM
My fellow Americans, why are we allowing our leaders to ask permission to form Kurdish security forces, from some of the very people the Kurds have...
US to arm two more Peshmerga brigades – if Baghdad permits it
| 16/7/2018 | (4)
Mohamedzzz | 7/19/2018 5:39:19 PM
''A deal was reached Tuesday between regime-backer Russia and rebel-ally Turkey''... I always said Turkey 'IS' the problem, Problems cannot be solved...
kurd | 7/21/2018 2:21:45 AM
Mohammaedzzz@ you have always been wrong. the main problem for kurds is PKK+YPG. they are cancerous cell on body of kurdistan. they are in service...
Thousands evacuate pro-regime Syria towns
| 19/7/2018 | (3)
Dlawar | 7/20/2018 10:33:10 PM
The regime is often described is smart or shrwed but they're not, even dumber are the nationalists who are against the regime but happily applaud...
Family says execution of Kurdish prisoner in Iran is imminent
| yesterday at 10:57 | (1)

Elsewhere on Rudaw

Parties eager for skilled politicians in next Kurdistan parliament 3 hours ago |

Parties eager for skilled politicians in next Kurdistan parliament

"If we want to have a strong government, our MPs more
Stacks of cash change hands at Erbil’s currency exchange market 5 hours ago |

Stacks of cash change hands at Erbil’s currency exchange market

Security is surprisingly lax more
Alcohol sales, consumption banned in Saladin province 6 hours ago |

Alcohol sales, consumption banned in Saladin province

Residents have compared the ban to the strict more
0.172 seconds