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Anfal nightmares still haunt survivors of Kurdish genocide

By Rudaw 13/4/2018
Fatma lost 53 members of her extended family in Anfal– the Baathist regime’s genocidal campaign against the Kurds. 

She survived, but is left with hellish memories.

"I think about the tragedy day and night. Even when I sleep, I wake up to my screams calling for my late brother. I scream for all my lost relatives,” she said. 

Ahmad, another survivor, lost 153 relatives in the genocide. 

“I don't know if they are buried in this graveyard or not,” he said in a cemetery in Kalar. “I do not know to this day whether this one is the grave of my brother Khalid, or that one."

Some 182,000 Kurds were killed in the Anfal genocidal campaigns of the regime of Saddam Hussein during the 1980s. Most victims were taken to killing fields in southern Iraq and executed by the truckload.

The former Iraqi regime destroyed thousands of Kurdish villages. Thousands of Kurdish families were also forcibly displaced, and their lands given to Arab families, a process Kurds call Arabization.

April 14 marks Anfal memorial day in the Kurdistan Region, where it is recognized as a genocide.

Anfal, the eighth sura in the Quran, was the codename used by the Baathist regime for the slaughter.


Muraz Adzhoev | 13/4/2018
Baghdad has been using the same Anfal sura of the Quran as the code-name of punitive, criminal anti-Constitutiinal policy against the authorities of the Kurdistan Region, the Peshmerga forces and the self-determined People of Southern Kurdistan. The anti-Kurdish political ideology, the anti-Kurdish religious mentality is still alive in artificially created Arab Islamic Iraq. Erbil certainly must now declare independence of Southern Kurdistan according to the sovereignly expressed will and on behalf of the self-determined People and certainly in the name of hundreds of thousands of dead and millions of victims.
Turks masters of deception trademark since 500 bc | 14/4/2018
I am kurdish and trust me it was not Saddams decision from what I read in the reports the Turks were highly against a democratic Iraq that would have from their point of view accepted a kurdish secsession. So they forced Saddam to kill the Kurds that were demonstrating for their rights while Saddams army was sitting in international forces camps. In exchange they promised to lobby for him, And since he was militaryly not capable anymore he had to use the chemical weapons which is the choice when u are militaryly weak. And after he gassed and killed many hundret thousands of Kurds he was unbelievably kept in office while they now want Assad dead for several hundred!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Why ? Because of turkey. And they make everyone believe that it was Saudis fault that used Sunni irak against Iran but that does not explain why sassy Saddam was promoted and he a had a amazing dictators life in irak for the next 12 years. Turkey was again highly against us attack on irak in 2003 again for the same reason probably. Now since everything comes out the Turks will boost their not so hidden war on kurds within their illegal borders. The UN Must go into turkey and save the Kurds before the Turks do something similar against kurds!!!!!!!!!.

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What You Say

K H | 1/17/2019 3:34:52 AM
How can the USA say they will protect the Kurds when, under Obama, they signed an agreement with Turkey which allowed Turkey to go on the offensive...
Gulen Turk | 1/17/2019 5:11:12 AM
they should politely ask Turkey to stop helping ISIS ...
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Outsider | 1/16/2019 10:22:15 PM
The best is.... UN forces to control and administer the area... insuring the rights of all ethnic groups and political views (not just YPG/PYD)......
Russian | 1/17/2019 5:08:48 AM
This guy is a perfect picture of hypocrisy , he is full of dishonesty , he is a product of a bankrupt country ....
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pre-Boomer Marine brat | 1/17/2019 1:24:10 AM
Trump, Pence and their political company are making the mistake of thinking of ISIS as a political-military organization which sees itself as...
Tracy | 1/17/2019 5:04:55 AM
If you want to destroy ISIS ..destroy Turkey first , Turkey is keeping ISIS alive ...God bless the USA
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UK | 1/17/2019 5:01:18 AM
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