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KRG and Pearl Petroleum reach 'full and final settlement'

By Rudaw 30/8/2017
The settlement puts an end to years of dispute between the Kurdish government and Pearl Petroleum. Photo: Dana Gas
The settlement puts an end to years of dispute between the Kurdish government and Pearl Petroleum. Photo: Dana Gas
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and Pearl Petroleum have reached a settlement worth about a billion US dollars that will put an end to years of disputes, the two sides said in a joint statement on Wednesday. 

KRG’s Minister of Natural Resources Ashti Hawrami said the settlement that terminates all claims made by Pearl Petroleum against the KRG in an international arbitrary court opens a “new chapter” between the two.

Pearl Petroleum is a company established in 2009 assigned with the interests of its joint operators Dana Gas and Crescent Petroleum.

The settlement is made between the KRG and Pearl Petroleum that consists of Dana Gas PJSC, Crescent Petroleum Company, and  Pearl Petroleum Company.

According to the terms of the agreement, the KRG will immediately pay Pearl a sum of US$600 million and will pay Pearl a further US$400 million “to be dedicated for investment exclusively for the aforesaid further development to substantially increase production.”

The full statement released by the KRG can be read below.

Rudaw understands that the settlement comes as part of the KRG’s plans to resolve all outstanding issues with oil and gas companies as well as private sector companies such as banks so that the next government will not inherit problems from the current administration, whose term will expire in November.

The KRG’s economy has faced what officials call a triple shock of drop in oil prices, budget cut by Baghdad, and a humanitarian crisis caused by the war against ISIS.

Earlier this month, the KRG reached a “landmark” agreement with Genel Energy and DNO, two of the biggest oil companies operating in the Kurdistan Region, in a deal that stipulates the two companies will make no further claims on all historical claims in return for more stakes and relief on certain obligations. The agreement signed between the KRG and the two companies is estimated to be worth at least half a billion dollars.

Dana Gas and the KRG had been involved in a disagreement since 2013. The London Court of International Arbitration has issued several verdicts on the matter, with both sides often publishing contradictory statements. 

Dana Gas and its partners had filed court cases with billions of dollars in claims. 

Majid Jafar, Chief Executive Officer of Crescent Petroleum, said in a panel shared with Kurdistan President Masoud Barzani at the World Economic Forum in May that “We still have not recovered our investment, or made any profit. But we remain totally committed.”

He said that while many multinational oil companies such as ExxonMobil fled the country when ISIS attacked in 2014, their company stayed.

“We were 20 km from the frontline,” Jafar said then. “A police colonel was killed on the third day of fighting against Daesh. I slept with my phone next to my head for several days, and we never stopped producing. We never withdrew one – we had about one thousand staff, including some expats – we never withdrew one employee, and we are proud to have continued.”

Dana Gas and its consortium partners say on their website that they have invested over US$1.2 billion so far and produced over 150 million barrels equivalent of gas and petroleum liquids in the Kurdistan Region. 

They have a 25-year contract with the Kurdish government to develop gas fields for Khor Mor and Chemchemal.

KRG statement:


Settlement Agreement between Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq (the “KRG”) and (i) Dana Gas PJSC; (ii) Crescent Petroleum Company International Limited; and (iii) Pearl Petroleum Company Limited (“Pearl”); together (the “Consortium”)

The KRG and the Consortium, together (the “Parties”), signed a Heads of Agreement on Khor Mor and Chemchemal fields on 4 April 2007 (the “HoA”).  Subsequently a dispute arose between them concerning certain matters under the HoA, and they referred this disputeon 21 October 2013 to an arbitration under LCIA case reference number 132527 (the “Arbitration”) for decision by an arbitral tribunal (the “Tribunal”) in London.

The Parties have mutually agreed to fully and finally settle all their differences amicably by terminating the Arbitration and related court proceedings, and releasing all remaining claims between them, including the substantial damages asserted by the Consortium against the KRG; implementing a mechanism for settlement of $2,239 million awarded by the Tribunal to date ; and proceeding with immediate further development of the HoA’s world class resources for mutual benefit as well as the benefit of the people of the Kurdistan Region and all of Iraq.

The agreed settlement highlights are as follows:

The KRG will immediately pay Pearl a sum of US$600 million.

The KRG will also immediately pay Pearl a further US$400 million to be dedicated for investment exclusively for the aforesaid further development to substantially increase production.

Pearl will increase gas production at Khor Mor by 500 MMscf/day, a 160% increase on the current level of production (the “Additional Gas”). The Additional Gas, together with significant additional amounts of condensate, is expected to begin production in approximately two years.

The balance of sums awarded by the Tribunal ($1,239 million) is no longer a debt owed by the KRG and will be reclassified as outstanding cost recoverable by Pearl from future revenues generated from the HoA areas.

The profit share allocated to Pearl from future revenues generated from the HoA areas are adjusted upwards to a level similar to the overall profit levels normally offered to IOCs under the KRG’s Production Sharing Contracts. This adjustment reflects the larger investment risks and costs involved in the development of natural gas resources compared to oil developments. After the recovery of costs and a return on investment by the Consortium, 78% of revenues generated from the HoA areas will be for the account of the KRG, and 22% for the account of Pearl.  

The Parties have clarified the Khor Mor block boundary coordinates and the KRG has awarded the Consortium investment opportunities in the adjacent blocks 19 and 20, and added these to the HoA areas, with commitments by the Consortium to make appraisal investments on these blocks, and developments if commercial oil and gas resources are found. 

The KRG will purchase 50% of the Additional Gas on agreed terms to boost the gas supply to power generation plants in the Kurdistan Region.  The other 50% of the Additional Gas (250 mmscf/d) will be marketed and sold by Pearl to customers within Iraq or by export, or can be sold to the KRG as well to further boost power generation within Iraq.

Pearl will also expand its local training and employment programs towards achieving maximum localization and content, as well as supporting local communities through its active Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programmes.

The Parties have exchanged mutual releases, waivers, and discharges in relation to all claims in relation to the Arbitration and related court proceedings.

The Parties have also amended and clarified the HoA language and terms, including extension of the term of the contract until 2049.

The Parties are very pleased with their settlement and and look forward to working together to maximise the full potential of the HoA areas, for their mutual benefit as well as that of the people of the Kurdistan Region and all of Iraq. Under the settlement, the people of the Kurdistan Region and Iraq will enjoy additional revenues and improved electricity supply. The Parties believe that this settlement agreement confirms to international investors that the Kurdistan Region of Iraq offers an attractive and secure environment for investment.

H.E. Dr. Ashti Hawrami, Minister of Natural Resources of the KRG, said:

«The companies’ investment and production to date has already delivered substantial benefits for the Kurdistan Region through enabling cost-effective power generation. We are delighted by the outcome of this settlement which opens a new chapter in the relationship between the parties and will take the development of the important natural gas sector to new heights.»

Mr. Majid Jafar, CEO of Crescent Petroleum and Managing Director of the Board of Dana Gas PJSC, added:

«We have always expressed our commitment to amicable resolution of matters to enable proper development of the Khor Mor and Chemchemal fields. We are pleased with this definitive agreement which follows constructive dialogue with the KRG and promises to generate significant value for all concerned. The settlement of all debts and restoration of full cooperation gives a positive outlook for further investment and full realization of the enormous resource potential of the HoA areas.»


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